In Multiple Sclerosis the protein myelin, which protects each nerve fibre in the brain and spinal cord, helping the electrical messages travel from the brain to the rest of the body, becomes damaged. These disrupted messages can cause a wide range of symptoms such as visual impairment (usually only in one eye), muscle stiffness and uncontrolled movement, ataxia (difficulties with co-ordination and balance) and fatigue. There are three types of MS;
- Relapsing MS – where the MS symptoms ‘flare-up’ and can last for a few days to a few months, followed periods of remission, with no or very mild symptoms, for days, weeks or months.
- Secondary Progressive MS – after around a 15 year gap, around 50% of individuals develop secondary MS, where symptoms can worsen over time.
- Primary Progressive MS – is the least common form, where the symptoms get gradually worse over time, with no periods of remission.
MS is an autoimmune condition, where the body mistakenly attacks healthy tissue, for reasons which are still unclear. In the UK around 100,000 people live with MS, with a ratio of 3 to 1 more common in women.
Multiple Sclerosis affects individuals and families differently. By nature of Relapse Remission type, there is uncertainty as to how the condition may progress. What is important is that people are supported in the right way at the right time, and that rehabilitation therapy is available as needed. At Marbrook we have the facilities to provide this. Our enthusiastic rehabilitation team will support you and your family to manage your situation in a way that works for you.