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Frontotemporal Dementia

Originally known as Pick’s Disease, Frontotemporal Dementia (FDT) describes the clinical syndrome associated with the shrinking of both the Frontal and Temporal Anterior lobes of the brain. Today’s classification of the condition groups Pick’s Disease, Primary Progressive Aphasia and Semantic Dementia as FTD. The symptoms of FTD fall into two clinical groups;

  1. Behavioural changes – an individual can be either disinhibited (impulsive) or apathetic (bored and listless). This can display itself in multiple complex ways from inappropriate social behaviour, lack of tact and empathy, increased interest in sex, to blunted emotions, neglect of personal hygiene, repetitive behaviour and lacking in energy and motivation.
  2. Language problems – including making or understanding speech (often in conjunction with behavioural changes.

FTD can often run in families as there is a strong genetic component to the condition.

Understanding the impact of Frontotemporal Dementia on someone’s life and that of their family is the first step to providing the support needed to enable people to live their way while being safe and maintaining their dignity and choice. We understand that people with FTD may need help to communicate their needs and feelings. Our speech and language therapists will assess and guide us on any additional aids or techniques to help with communication. Our staff receive training to develop their understanding, not just how to be with someone, but why. Having things you want to do either in the centre or the community is important. We will find out what is meaningful to you to make sure your life continues in the way you choose for as long as possible.

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